absence

I
(New American Roget's College Thesaurus)
State of being away
Nouns
1. (not being here) absence, nonresidence, noninhabitance, non-presence, nonattendance, absenteeism, truancy, hooky, family leave; French leave; nonexistence.
2. (lack of contents) emptiness, void, vacuum, vacuity, vacancy; blank, clean slate; aching void. See space, insubstantiality.
3. (one who is not present) absentee, truant; missing person, MIA; absentee landlord or owner. Informal, no-show.
4. (phrases) nobody present, not a soul, nary a soul, nobody under the sun, nary a one, no one, no man, never a one.
5. lack (See insufficiency).
Verbs — be absent, absent oneself, stay or keep away, keep out of the way, play truant, play hooky, take French leave, go AWOL, absent oneself without [official] leave; slip away (See escape); keep or hold aloof; withdraw, vacate (See departure). Informal, not show up, make oneself scarce. Slang, cut [out].
Adjectives
1. (not present) absent, nonattendant, not present, away, nonresident, missing, missing in action, lost, wanting, omitted, nowhere to be found, out of sight, gone, lacking, away from home, truant, absent without [official] leave, AWOL; abroad, oversea[s], on vacation; gone with the wind. Informal, minus.
2. (having no contents) empty, vacant, void, vacuous, untenanted, unoccupied, uninhabited, tenantless; devoid, bare, hollow, blank.
Adverbs — nowhere; elsewhere; neither here nor there, neither hide nor hair; somewhere else, not here. Dial., nowheres.
Prepositions — in absentia, without, less, minus, sans; wanting (See insufficiency).
Phrases — absence makes the heart grow fonder; out of sight, out of mind; when the cat's away, the mice will play; absence is the mother of disillusion; a little absence does much good; nature abhors a vacuum.
Antonyms, See presence.
II
(Roget's IV) n.
1. [The state of being elsewhere]
Syn. truancy, nonattendance, nonappearance, nonresidence, nonexistence, loss, vacancy, inattentiveness, absenteeism, cut*, hooky*.
Ant. presence, appearance*, attendance.
2. [The state of lacking something]
Syn. deficiency, need, lack, inadequacy; see lack 1 .
III
(Roget's 3 Superthesaurus) n.
1. nonattendance AWOL, nonappearance, truancy.
2. lacking dearth, need, want, privation, void, vacuum.
ANT.: 1. attendance, presence. 2. fulfillment, abundance
IV
(Roget's Thesaurus II) noun 1. Failure to be present: nonattendance. Law: nonappearance. See ABSENCE. 2. The condition of lacking a needed or usual amount: dearth, lack, want. See EXCESS.

English dictionary for students. 2013.

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  • absence — [ apsɑ̃s ] n. f. • XIIIe; lat. absentia 1 ♦ Le fait de n être pas dans un lieu où l on pourrait, où l on devrait être. On a remarqué l absence de Monsieur X dans, (à) cette réunion. Nous avons regretté votre absence. Loc. Briller par son absence …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • absence — ab‧sence [ˈæbsns] noun [countable, uncountable] HUMAN RESOURCES when a person is not at work, for example because they are ill: • Evelyn took charge in his absence. • The work of the department suffered because of her frequent absences. ˌleave… …   Financial and business terms

  • absence — I (nonattendance) noun abandonment, absentia, abstention, avoidance, defection, desertion, nonappearance, nonpresence, removal, truancy, withdrawal associated concepts: absence from the state, absent creditors, absent debtor, absent defendant,… …   Law dictionary

  • absence — Absence. s. f. Eloignement d une personne qui n est point dans le lieu de sa residence ordinaire. Longue, courte absence. élégie sur une absence. en mon absence. Il se dit aussi du deffaut de presence d une personne qui ne se trouve pas à une… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Absence — Ab sence, n. [F., fr. L. absentia. See {Absent}.] 1. A state of being absent or withdrawn from a place or from companionship; opposed to {presence}. [1913 Webster] Not as in my presence only, but now much more in my absence. Phil. ii. 12. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • absence — ► NOUN 1) the state of being away from a place or person. 2) (absence of) the non existence or lack of. ● absence makes the heart grow fonder Cf. ↑absence makes the heart grow fonder …   English terms dictionary

  • absence — (n.) late 14c., from O.Fr. absence (14c.), from L. absentia, noun of state from absentem (nom. absens), prp. of abesse be away from, be absent, from ab away (see AB (Cf. ab )) + esse to be (see ESSENCE (Cf. ess …   Etymology dictionary

  • absence — Absence, f. penac. Absentia. Absence legitime, Absentia iusta et causaria. En nostre absence, Absentibus nobis, vel absente nobis …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • absence — [n1] state of not being present absenteeism, AWOL*, cut*, French leave*, hooky*, nonappearance, nonattendance, no show*, truancy, vacancy; concept 746 Ant. existence, presence absence [n2] state of lacking something needed or usual dearth,… …   New thesaurus

  • absence — [ab′səns] n. [ME < OFr < L absentia: see ABSENT] 1. the condition of being absent, or away 2. the time of being away 3. the fact of being without; lack [in the absence of evidence] 4. inattentiveness …   English World dictionary

  • Absence — (fr., spr. Abfangs), Abwesenheit; A. d esprit (fr., spr. A. d Espri), Geistesabwesenheit …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

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